Commit 9a7e3e92 authored by Anastasios Kalogeropoulos's avatar Anastasios Kalogeropoulos
Browse files

Initial commit

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# Deploy chaincode on the Test Network
Before you proceed, make sure that you have installed the [prerequisites](https://hyperledger-fabric.readthedocs.io/en/latest/prereqs.html#).
Also, make sure that you have [Installed Fabric and Fabric samples](https://hyperledger-fabric.readthedocs.io/en/latest/install.html).
Download the `evidentia-chaincode` project and **copy** it under the `fabric-samples` directory. The chaincode for Evidentia is implemented in [Go](https://golang.org/), so make sure that you have configured your machine properly.
## Package chaincode with dependencies
To install the chaincode dependencies, run the following commands inside the `evidentia` directory:
*NOTE: The chaincode dependencies are already installed. Run the following two steps in case you want to re-install them.*
1. `go mod init evidentia`
2. `GO111MODULE=on go mod vendor`
The first command will create a file named `go.mod` which should look like below:
```
module evidentia
go 1.15
require github.com/hyperledger/fabric-contract-api-go v1.1.1
```
The following steps provide a summary of how to start the `test-network`, included in the `fabric-samples` directory and deploy the *evidentia* chaincode on the channel. More details can be found [here](https://hyperledger-fabric.readthedocs.io/en/latest/deploy_chaincode.html#package-the-smart-contract).
Navigate to the `test-network` directory.
Start the network using Certificate Authorities:
```
./network.sh up -ca
```
Create a channel with default name `mychannel`:
```
./network.sh createChannel
```
Add binaries to CLI Path:
```bash
export PATH=${PWD}/../bin:$PATH
```
Configure `FABRIC_CFG_PATH`:
```bash
export FABRIC_CFG_PATH=$PWD/../config/
```
Create the chaincode package:
```bash
peer lifecycle chaincode package evidentia.tar.gz --path ../evidentia/ --lang golang --label evidentia_1.0
```
Install the chaincode package as **Org1**:
```bash
export CORE_PEER_TLS_ENABLED=true
export CORE_PEER_LOCALMSPID="Org1MSP"
export CORE_PEER_TLS_ROOTCERT_FILE=${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org1.example.com/peers/peer0.org1.example.com/tls/ca.crt
export CORE_PEER_MSPCONFIGPATH=${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org1.example.com/users/Admin@org1.example.com/msp
export CORE_PEER_ADDRESS=localhost:7051
peer lifecycle chaincode install evidentia.tar.gz
```
Install the chaincode package as **Org2**:
```bash
export CORE_PEER_LOCALMSPID="Org2MSP"
export CORE_PEER_TLS_ROOTCERT_FILE=${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org2.example.com/peers/peer0.org2.example.com/tls/ca.crt
export CORE_PEER_TLS_ROOTCERT_FILE=${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org2.example.com/peers/peer0.org2.example.com/tls/ca.crt
export CORE_PEER_MSPCONFIGPATH=${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org2.example.com/users/Admin@org2.example.com/msp
export CORE_PEER_ADDRESS=localhost:9051
peer lifecycle chaincode install evidentia.tar.gz
```
Approve chaincode definition for **Org2**:
```bash
peer lifecycle chaincode queryinstalled
## DO NOT COPY - replace with package id from the previous command
export CC_PACKAGE_ID=evidentia_1.0:3e0024708a8a678f654252ee6149e860067bb8f434df9899b34778663f70bff0
peer lifecycle chaincode approveformyorg -o localhost:7050 --ordererTLSHostnameOverride orderer.example.com --channelID mychannel --name evidentia --version 1.0 --package-id $CC_PACKAGE_ID --sequence 1 --tls --cafile "${PWD}/organizations/ordererOrganizations/example.com/orderers/orderer.example.com/msp/tlscacerts/tlsca.example.com-cert.pem"
```
Approve chaincode definition for **Org1**:
```bash
export CORE_PEER_LOCALMSPID="Org1MSP"
export CORE_PEER_MSPCONFIGPATH=${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org1.example.com/users/Admin@org1.example.com/msp
export CORE_PEER_TLS_ROOTCERT_FILE=${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org1.example.com/peers/peer0.org1.example.com/tls/ca.crt
export CORE_PEER_ADDRESS=localhost:7051
peer lifecycle chaincode approveformyorg -o localhost:7050 --ordererTLSHostnameOverride orderer.example.com --channelID mychannel --name evidentia --version 1.0 --package-id $CC_PACKAGE_ID --sequence 1 --tls --cafile "${PWD}/organizations/ordererOrganizations/example.com/orderers/orderer.example.com/msp/tlscacerts/tlsca.example.com-cert.pem"
```
Commit chaincode on channel:
```bash
peer lifecycle chaincode checkcommitreadiness --channelID mychannel --name evidentia --version 1.0 --sequence 1 --tls --cafile "${PWD}/organizations/ordererOrganizations/example.com/orderers/orderer.example.com/msp/tlscacerts/tlsca.example.com-cert.pem" --output json
peer lifecycle chaincode commit -o localhost:7050 --ordererTLSHostnameOverride orderer.example.com --channelID mychannel --name evidentia --version 1.0 --sequence 1 --tls --cafile "${PWD}/organizations/ordererOrganizations/example.com/orderers/orderer.example.com/msp/tlscacerts/tlsca.example.com-cert.pem" --peerAddresses localhost:7051 --tlsRootCertFiles "${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org1.example.com/peers/peer0.org1.example.com/tls/ca.crt" --peerAddresses localhost:9051 --tlsRootCertFiles "${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org2.example.com/peers/peer0.org2.example.com/tls/ca.crt"
peer lifecycle chaincode querycommitted --channelID mychannel --name evidentia --cafile "${PWD}/organizations/ordererOrganizations/example.com/orderers/orderer.example.com/msp/tlscacerts/tlsca.example.com-cert.pem"
```
Invoke chaincode and test that is working:
```bash
peer chaincode invoke -o localhost:7050 --ordererTLSHostnameOverride orderer.example.com --tls --cafile "${PWD}/organizations/ordererOrganizations/example.com/orderers/orderer.example.com/msp/tlscacerts/tlsca.example.com-cert.pem" -C mychannel -n evidentia --peerAddresses localhost:7051 --tlsRootCertFiles "${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org1.example.com/peers/peer0.org1.example.com/tls/ca.crt" --peerAddresses localhost:9051 --tlsRootCertFiles "${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org2.example.com/peers/peer0.org2.example.com/tls/ca.crt" -c '{"function":"AddEvidentiaQuery","Args":["test", "testService", "[testParam1, testParam2, testParam3]"]}'
```
Read the previous entry and verify that you receive the correct data:
```bash
peer chaincode invoke -o localhost:7050 --ordererTLSHostnameOverride orderer.example.com --tls --cafile "${PWD}/organizations/ordererOrganizations/example.com/orderers/orderer.example.com/msp/tlscacerts/tlsca.example.com-cert.pem" -C mychannel -n evidentia --peerAddresses localhost:7051 --tlsRootCertFiles "${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org1.example.com/peers/peer0.org1.example.com/tls/ca.crt" --peerAddresses localhost:9051 --tlsRootCertFiles "${PWD}/organizations/peerOrganizations/org2.example.com/peers/peer0.org2.example.com/tls/ca.crt" -c '{"function":"ReadEvidentiaQuery","Args":["test_testService"]}'
```
\ No newline at end of file
/*
Copyright IBM Corp. All Rights Reserved.
SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0
*/
package chaincode
import (
"encoding/json"
"fmt"
"github.com/hyperledger/fabric-contract-api-go/contractapi"
)
type SmartContract struct {
contractapi.Contract
}
type EvidentiaQuery struct {
ID string `json:ID`
EntityName string `json:entityName`
ServiceName string `json:serviceName`
ServiceParams string `json:serviceParams`
}
func (t *SmartContract) InitLedger(ctx contractapi.TransactionContextInterface) error {
return nil
}
func (t *SmartContract) AddEvidentiaQuery(ctx contractapi.TransactionContextInterface, entityName string, serviceName string, serviceParams string) error {
id := entityName + "_" + serviceName
evidentiaQuery := EvidentiaQuery{
ID: id,
EntityName: entityName,
ServiceName: serviceName,
ServiceParams: serviceParams,
}
queryJSON, err := json.Marshal(evidentiaQuery)
if err != nil {
return err
}
return ctx.GetStub().PutState(id, queryJSON)
}
func (t *SmartContract) ReadEvidentiaQuery(ctx contractapi.TransactionContextInterface, id string) (*EvidentiaQuery, error) {
queryJSON, err := ctx.GetStub().GetState(id)
if err != nil {
return nil, fmt.Errorf("failed to read from world state: %v", err)
}
if queryJSON == nil {
return nil, fmt.Errorf("the asset %s does not exist", id)
}
var evidentiaQuery EvidentiaQuery
err = json.Unmarshal(queryJSON, &evidentiaQuery)
if err != nil {
return nil, err
}
return &evidentiaQuery, nil
}
package main
import (
"log"
"evidentia/chaincode"
"github.com/hyperledger/fabric-contract-api-go/contractapi"
)
func main() {
evidentiaChaincode, err := contractapi.NewChaincode(&chaincode.SmartContract{})
if err != nil {
log.Panicf("Error creating evidentia chaincode: %v", err)
}
if err := evidentiaChaincode.Start(); err != nil {
log.Panicf("Error starting evidentia chaincode: %v", err)
}
}
module evidentia
go 1.15
require github.com/hyperledger/fabric-contract-api-go v1.1.1
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github.com/stretchr/testify v1.4.0/go.mod h1:j7eGeouHqKxXV5pUuKE4zz7dFj8WfuZ+81PSLYec5m4=
github.com/stretchr/testify v1.5.1/go.mod h1:5W2xD1RspED5o8YsWQXVCued0rvSQ+mT+I5cxcmMvtA=
github.com/ugorji/go/codec v0.0.0-20181204163529-d75b2dcb6bc8/go.mod h1:VFNgLljTbGfSG7qAOspJ7OScBnGdDN/yBr0sguwnwf0=
github.com/xeipuuv/gojsonpointer v0.0.0-20180127040702-4e3ac2762d5f h1:J9EGpcZtP0E/raorCMxlFGSTBrsSlaDGf3jU/qvAE2c=
github.com/xeipuuv/gojsonpointer v0.0.0-20180127040702-4e3ac2762d5f/go.mod h1:N2zxlSyiKSe5eX1tZViRH5QA0qijqEDrYZiPEAiq3wU=
github.com/xeipuuv/gojsonreference v0.0.0-20180127040603-bd5ef7bd5415 h1:EzJWgHovont7NscjpAxXsDA8S8BMYve8Y5+7cuRE7R0=
github.com/xeipuuv/gojsonreference v0.0.0-20180127040603-bd5ef7bd5415/go.mod h1:GwrjFmJcFw6At/Gs6z4yjiIwzuJ1/+UwLxMQDVQXShQ=
github.com/xeipuuv/gojsonschema v1.2.0 h1:LhYJRs+L4fBtjZUfuSZIKGeVu0QRy8e5Xi7D17UxZ74=
github.com/xeipuuv/gojsonschema v1.2.0/go.mod h1:anYRn/JVcOK2ZgGU+IjEV4nwlhoK5sQluxsYJ78Id3Y=
github.com/xordataexchange/crypt v0.0.3-0.20170626215501-b2862e3d0a77/go.mod h1:aYKd//L2LvnjZzWKhF00oedf4jCCReLcmhLdhm1A27Q=
golang.org/x/crypto v0.0.0-20181203042331-505ab145d0a9/go.mod h1:6SG95UA2DQfeDnfUPMdvaQW0Q7yPrPDi9nlGo2tz2b4=
golang.org/x/crypto v0.0.0-20190308221718-c2843e01d9a2/go.mod h1:djNgcEr1/C05ACkg1iLfiJU5Ep61QUkGW8qpdssI0+w=
golang.org/x/crypto v0.0.0-20190611184440-5c40567a22f8/go.mod h1:yigFU9vqHzYiE8UmvKecakEJjdnWj3jj499lnFckfCI=
golang.org/x/crypto v0.0.0-20190621222207-cc06ce4a13d4/go.mod h1:yigFU9vqHzYiE8UmvKecakEJjdnWj3jj499lnFckfCI=
golang.org/x/lint v0.0.0-20190313153728-d0100b6bd8b3/go.mod h1:6SW0HCj/g11FgYtHlgUYUwCkIfeOF89ocIRzGO/8vkc=
golang.org/x/net v0.0.0-20190311183353-d8887717615a/go.mod h1:t9HGtf8HONx5eT2rtn7q6eTqICYqUVnKs3thJo3Qplg=
golang.org/x/net v0.0.0-20190404232315-eb5bcb51f2a3/go.mod h1:t9HGtf8HONx5eT2rtn7q6eTqICYqUVnKs3thJo3Qplg=
golang.org/x/net v0.0.0-20190522155817-f3200d17e092/go.mod h1:HSz+uSET+XFnRR8LxR5pz3Of3rY3CfYBVs4xY44aLks=
golang.org/x/net v0.0.0-20190613194153-d28f0bde5980/go.mod h1:z5CRVTTTmAJ677TzLLGU+0bjPO0LkuOLi4/5GtJWs/s=
golang.org/x/net v0.0.0-20190827160401-ba9fcec4b297 h1:k7pJ2yAPLPgbskkFdhRCsA77k2fySZ1zf2zCjvQCiIM=
golang.org/x/net v0.0.0-20190827160401-ba9fcec4b297/go.mod h1:z5CRVTTTmAJ677TzLLGU+0bjPO0LkuOLi4/5GtJWs/s=
golang.org/x/oauth2 v0.0.0-20180821212333-d2e6202438be/go.mod h1:N/0e6XlmueqKjAGxoOufVs8QHGRruUQn6yWY3a++T0U=
golang.org/x/sync v0.0.0-20190423024810-112230192c58/go.mod h1:RxMgew5VJxzue5/jJTE5uejpjVlOe/izrB70Jof72aM=
golang.org/x/sys v0.0.0-20181205085412-a5c9d58dba9a/go.mod h1:STP8DvDyc/dI5b8T5hshtkjS+E42TnysNCUPdjciGhY=
golang.org/x/sys v0.0.0-20190215142949-d0b11bdaac8a/go.mod h1:STP8DvDyc/dI5b8T5hshtkjS+E42TnysNCUPdjciGhY=
golang.org/x/sys v0.0.0-20190412213103-97732733099d/go.mod h1:h1NjWce9XRLGQEsW7wpKNCjG9DtNlClVuFLEZdDNbEs=
golang.org/x/sys v0.0.0-20190422165155-953cdadca894/go.mod h1:h1NjWce9XRLGQEsW7wpKNCjG9DtNlClVuFLEZdDNbEs=
golang.org/x/sys v0.0.0-20190515120540-06a5c4944438/go.mod h1:h1NjWce9XRLGQEsW7wpKNCjG9DtNlClVuFLEZdDNbEs=
golang.org/x/sys v0.0.0-20190616124812-15dcb6c0061f/go.mod h1:h1NjWce9XRLGQEsW7wpKNCjG9DtNlClVuFLEZdDNbEs=
golang.org/x/sys v0.0.0-20190710143415-6ec70d6a5542 h1:6ZQFf1D2YYDDI7eSwW8adlkkavTB9sw5I24FVtEvNUQ=
golang.org/x/sys v0.0.0-20190710143415-6ec70d6a5542/go.mod h1:h1NjWce9XRLGQEsW7wpKNCjG9DtNlClVuFLEZdDNbEs=
golang.org/x/text v0.3.0/go.mod h1:NqM8EUOU14njkJ3fqMW+pc6Ldnwhi/IjpwHt7yyuwOQ=
golang.org/x/text v0.3.2 h1:tW2bmiBqwgJj/UpqtC8EpXEZVYOwU0yG4iWbprSVAcs=
golang.org/x/text v0.3.2/go.mod h1:bEr9sfX3Q8Zfm5fL9x+3itogRgK3+ptLWKqgva+5dAk=
golang.org/x/tools v0.0.0-20180917221912-90fa682c2a6e/go.mod h1:n7NCudcB/nEzxVGmLbDWY5pfWTLqBcC2KZ6jyYvM4mQ=
golang.org/x/tools v0.0.0-20190311212946-11955173bddd/go.mod h1:LCzVGOaR6xXOjkQ3onu1FJEFr0SW1gC7cKk1uF8kGRs=
golang.org/x/tools v0.0.0-20190524140312-2c0ae7006135/go.mod h1:RgjU9mgBXZiqYHBnxXauZ1Gv1EHHAz9KjViQ78xBX0Q=
golang.org/x/tools v0.0.0-20190614205625-5aca471b1d59/go.mod h1:/rFqwRUd4F7ZHNgwSSTFct+R/Kf4OFW1sUzUTQQTgfc=
golang.org/x/tools v0.0.0-20190624180213-70d37148ca0c/go.mod h1:/rFqwRUd4F7ZHNgwSSTFct+R/Kf4OFW1sUzUTQQTgfc=
google.golang.org/appengine v1.1.0/go.mod h1:EbEs0AVv82hx2wNQdGPgUI5lhzA/G0D9YwlJXL52JkM=
google.golang.org/genproto v0.0.0-20180817151627-c66870c02cf8/go.mod h1:JiN7NxoALGmiZfu7CAH4rXhgtRTLTxftemlI0sWmxmc=
google.golang.org/genproto v0.0.0-20180831171423-11092d34479b h1:lohp5blsw53GBXtLyLNaTXPXS9pJ1tiTw61ZHUoE9Qw=
google.golang.org/genproto v0.0.0-20180831171423-11092d34479b/go.mod h1:JiN7NxoALGmiZfu7CAH4rXhgtRTLTxftemlI0sWmxmc=
google.golang.org/grpc v1.23.0 h1:AzbTB6ux+okLTzP8Ru1Xs41C303zdcfEht7MQnYJt5A=
google.golang.org/grpc v1.23.0/go.mod h1:Y5yQAOtifL1yxbo5wqy6BxZv8vAUGQwXBOALyacEbxg=
gopkg.in/check.v1 v0.0.0-20161208181325-20d25e280405/go.mod h1:Co6ibVJAznAaIkqp8huTwlJQCZ016jof/cbN4VW5Yz0=
gopkg.in/check.v1 v1.0.0-20180628173108-788fd7840127/go.mod h1:Co6ibVJAznAaIkqp8huTwlJQCZ016jof/cbN4VW5Yz0=
gopkg.in/check.v1 v1.0.0-20190902080502-41f04d3bba15/go.mod h1:Co6ibVJAznAaIkqp8huTwlJQCZ016jof/cbN4VW5Yz0=
gopkg.in/errgo.v2 v2.1.0/go.mod h1:hNsd1EY+bozCKY1Ytp96fpM3vjJbqLJn88ws8XvfDNI=
gopkg.in/yaml.v2 v2.2.2/go.mod h1:hI93XBmqTisBFMUTm0b8Fm+jr3Dg1NNxqwp+5A1VGuI=
gopkg.in/yaml.v2 v2.2.8 h1:obN1ZagJSUGI0Ek/LBmuj4SNLPfIny3KsKFopxRdj10=
gopkg.in/yaml.v2 v2.2.8/go.mod h1:hI93XBmqTisBFMUTm0b8Fm+jr3Dg1NNxqwp+5A1VGuI=
honnef.co/go/tools v0.0.0-20190523083050-ea95bdfd59fc/go.mod h1:rf3lG4BRIbNafJWhAfAdb/ePZxsR/4RtNHQocxwk9r4=
language: go
go:
- 1.4.x
- 1.5.x
- 1.6.x
- 1.7.x
- 1.8.x
- 1.9.x
- "1.10.x"
- "1.11.x"
- tip
Copyright (c) 2012, Martin Angers
All rights reserved.
Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:
* Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
* Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
* Neither the name of the author nor the names of its contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software without specific prior written permission.
THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT HOLDER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
# Purell
Purell is a tiny Go library to normalize URLs. It returns a pure URL. Pure-ell. Sanitizer and all. Yeah, I know...
Based on the [wikipedia paper][wiki] and the [RFC 3986 document][rfc].
[![build status](https://travis-ci.org/PuerkitoBio/purell.svg?branch=master)](http://travis-ci.org/PuerkitoBio/purell)
## Install
`go get github.com/PuerkitoBio/purell`
## Changelog
* **v1.1.1** : Fix failing test due to Go1.12 changes (thanks to @ianlancetaylor).
* **2016-11-14 (v1.1.0)** : IDN: Conform to RFC 5895: Fold character width (thanks to @beeker1121).
* **2016-07-27 (v1.0.0)** : Normalize IDN to ASCII (thanks to @zenovich).
* **2015-02-08** : Add fix for relative paths issue ([PR #5][pr5]) and add fix for unnecessary encoding of reserved characters ([see issue #7][iss7]).
* **v0.2.0** : Add benchmarks, Attempt IDN support.
* **v0.1.0** : Initial release.
## Examples
From `example_test.go` (note that in your code, you would import "github.com/PuerkitoBio/purell", and would prefix references to its methods and constants with "purell."):
```go
package purell
import (
"fmt"
"net/url"
)
func ExampleNormalizeURLString() {
if normalized, err := NormalizeURLString("hTTp://someWEBsite.com:80/Amazing%3f/url/",
FlagLowercaseScheme|FlagLowercaseHost|FlagUppercaseEscapes); err != nil {
panic(err)
} else {
fmt.Print(normalized)
}
// Output: http://somewebsite.com:80/Amazing%3F/url/
}
func ExampleMustNormalizeURLString() {
normalized := MustNormalizeURLString("hTTpS://someWEBsite.com:443/Amazing%fa/url/",
FlagsUnsafeGreedy)
fmt.Print(normalized)
// Output: http://somewebsite.com/Amazing%FA/url
}
func ExampleNormalizeURL() {
if u, err := url.Parse("Http://SomeUrl.com:8080/a/b/.././c///g?c=3&a=1&b=9&c=0#target"); err != nil {
panic(err)
} else {
normalized := NormalizeURL(u, FlagsUsuallySafeGreedy|FlagRemoveDuplicateSlashes|FlagRemoveFragment)
fmt.Print(normalized)
}
// Output: http://someurl.com:8080/a/c/g?c=3&a=1&b=9&c=0
}
```
## API
As seen in the examples above, purell offers three methods, `NormalizeURLString(string, NormalizationFlags) (string, error)`, `MustNormalizeURLString(string, NormalizationFlags) (string)` and `NormalizeURL(*url.URL, NormalizationFlags) (string)`. They all normalize the provided URL based on the specified flags. Here are the available flags:
```go
const (
// Safe normalizations
FlagLowercaseScheme NormalizationFlags = 1 << iota // HTTP://host -> http://host, applied by default in Go1.1
FlagLowercaseHost // http://HOST -> http://host
FlagUppercaseEscapes // http://host/t%ef -> http://host/t%EF
FlagDecodeUnnecessaryEscapes // http://host/t%41 -> http://host/tA
FlagEncodeNecessaryEscapes // http://host/!"#$ -> http://host/%21%22#$
FlagRemoveDefaultPort // http://host:80 -> http://host
FlagRemoveEmptyQuerySeparator // http://host/path? -> http://host/path
// Usually safe normalizations
FlagRemoveTrailingSlash // http://host/path/ -> http://host/path
FlagAddTrailingSlash // http://host/path -> http://host/path/ (should choose only one of these add/remove trailing slash flags)
FlagRemoveDotSegments // http://host/path/./a/b/../c -> http://host/path/a/c
// Unsafe normalizations
FlagRemoveDirectoryIndex // http://host/path/index.html -> http://host/path/
FlagRemoveFragment // http://host/path#fragment -> http://host/path
FlagForceHTTP // https://host -> http://host
FlagRemoveDuplicateSlashes // http://host/path//a///b -> http://host/path/a/b
FlagRemoveWWW // http://www.host/ -> http://host/
FlagAddWWW // http://host/ -> http://www.host/ (should choose only one of these add/remove WWW flags)
FlagSortQuery // http://host/path?c=3&b=2&a=1&b=1 -> http://host/path?a=1&b=1&b=2&c=3
// Normalizations not in the wikipedia article, required to cover tests cases
// submitted by jehiah
FlagDecodeDWORDHost // http://1113982867 -> http://66.102.7.147
FlagDecodeOctalHost // http://0102.0146.07.0223 -> http://66.102.7.147
FlagDecodeHexHost // http://0x42660793 -> http://66.102.7.147
FlagRemoveUnnecessaryHostDots // http://.host../path -> http://host/path
FlagRemoveEmptyPortSeparator // http://host:/path -> http://host/path
// Convenience set of safe normalizations
FlagsSafe NormalizationFlags = FlagLowercaseHost | FlagLowercaseScheme | FlagUppercaseEscapes | FlagDecodeUnnecessaryEscapes | FlagEncodeNecessaryEscapes | FlagRemoveDefaultPort | FlagRemoveEmptyQuerySeparator
// For convenience sets, "greedy" uses the "remove trailing slash" and "remove www. prefix" flags,
// while "non-greedy" uses the "add (or keep) the trailing slash" and "add www. prefix".
// Convenience set of usually safe normalizations (includes FlagsSafe)
FlagsUsuallySafeGreedy NormalizationFlags = FlagsSafe | FlagRemoveTrailingSlash | FlagRemoveDotSegments
FlagsUsuallySafeNonGreedy NormalizationFlags = FlagsSafe | FlagAddTrailingSlash | FlagRemoveDotSegments
// Convenience set of unsafe normalizations (includes FlagsUsuallySafe)
FlagsUnsafeGreedy NormalizationFlags = FlagsUsuallySafeGreedy | FlagRemoveDirectoryIndex | FlagRemoveFragment | FlagForceHTTP | FlagRemoveDuplicateSlashes | FlagRemoveWWW | FlagSortQuery
FlagsUnsafeNonGreedy NormalizationFlags = FlagsUsuallySafeNonGreedy | FlagRemoveDirectoryIndex | FlagRemoveFragment | FlagForceHTTP | FlagRemoveDuplicateSlashes | FlagAddWWW | FlagSortQuery
// Convenience set of all available flags
FlagsAllGreedy = FlagsUnsafeGreedy | FlagDecodeDWORDHost | FlagDecodeOctalHost | FlagDecodeHexHost | FlagRemoveUnnecessaryHostDots | FlagRemoveEmptyPortSeparator
FlagsAllNonGreedy = FlagsUnsafeNonGreedy | FlagDecodeDWORDHost | FlagDecodeOctalHost | FlagDecodeHexHost | FlagRemoveUnnecessaryHostDots | FlagRemoveEmptyPortSeparator
)
```
For convenience, the set of flags `FlagsSafe`, `FlagsUsuallySafe[Greedy|NonGreedy]`, `FlagsUnsafe[Greedy|NonGreedy]` and `FlagsAll[Greedy|NonGreedy]` are provided for the similarly grouped normalizations on [wikipedia's URL normalization page][wiki]. You can add (using the bitwise OR `|` operator) or remove (using the bitwise AND NOT `&^` operator) individual flags from the sets if required, to build your own custom set.
The [full godoc reference is available on gopkgdoc][godoc].
Some things to note:
* `FlagDecodeUnnecessaryEscapes`, `FlagEncodeNecessaryEscapes`, `FlagUppercaseEscapes` and `FlagRemoveEmptyQuerySeparator` are always implicitly set, because internally, the URL string is parsed as an URL object, which automatically decodes unnecessary escapes, uppercases and encodes necessary ones, and removes empty query separators (an unnecessary `?` at the end of the url). So this operation cannot **not** be done. For this reason, `FlagRemoveEmptyQuerySeparator` (as well as the other three) has been included in the `FlagsSafe` convenience set, instead of `FlagsUnsafe`, where Wikipedia puts it.
* The `FlagDecodeUnnecessaryEscapes` decodes the following escapes (*from -> to*):
- %24 -> $
- %26 -> &
- %2B-%3B -> +,-./0123456789:;
- %3D -> =
- %40-%5A -> @ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
- %5F -> _
- %61-%7A -> abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz
- %7E -> ~
* When the `NormalizeURL` function is used (passing an URL object), this source URL object is modified (that is, after the call, the URL object will be modified to reflect the normalization).
* The *replace IP with domain name* normalization (`http://208.77.188.166/ → http://www.example.com/`) is obviously not possible for a library without making some network requests. This is not implemented in purell.
* The *remove unused query string parameters* and *remove default query parameters* are also not implemented, since this is a very case-specific normalization, and it is quite trivial to do with an URL object.
### Safe vs Usually Safe vs Unsafe
Purell allows you to control the level of risk you take while normalizing an URL. You can aggressively normalize, play it totally safe, or anything in between.
Consider the following URL:
`HTTPS://www.RooT.com/toto/t%45%1f///a/./b/../c/?z=3&w=2&a=4&w=1#invalid`
Normalizing with the `FlagsSafe` gives:
`https://www.root.com/toto/tE%1F///a/./b/../c/?z=3&w=2&a=4&w=1#invalid`
With the `FlagsUsuallySafeGreedy`:
`https://www.root.com/toto/tE%1F///a/c?z=3&w=2&a=4&w=1#invalid`
And with `FlagsUnsafeGreedy`:
`http://root.com/toto/tE%1F/a/c?a=4&w=1&w=2&z=3`
## TODOs
* Add a class/default instance to allow specifying custom directory index names? At the moment, removing directory index removes `(^|/)((?:default|index)\.\w{1,4})$`.
## Thanks / Contributions
@rogpeppe
@jehiah
@opennota
@pchristopher1275
@zenovich
@beeker1121
## License
The [BSD 3-Clause license][bsd].
[bsd]: http://opensource.org/licenses/BSD-3-Clause
[wiki]: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/URL_normalization
[rfc]: http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc3986#section-6
[godoc]: http://go.pkgdoc.org/github.com/PuerkitoBio/purell
[pr5]: https://github.com/PuerkitoBio/purell/pull/5
[iss7]: https://github.com/PuerkitoBio/purell/issues/7
/*
Package purell offers URL normalization as described on the wikipedia page:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/URL_normalization
*/
package purell
import (
"bytes"
"fmt"
"net/url"
"regexp"
"sort"
"strconv"
"strings"
"github.com/PuerkitoBio/urlesc"