Commit b8e08da8 authored by Oliver Horst's avatar Oliver Horst
Browse files

[add] Initial commit of printf replacement

Implementation taken from https://github.com/mpaland/printf
parents
cmake_minimum_required(VERSION 3.7 FATAL_ERROR)
option(ENABLE_INSTALL "Enable target installation possibility" ON)
project(
toki-libc-printf
#
VERSION 0.1
LANGUAGES C ASM
)
find_package(
libxil 7.0
REQUIRED
)
add_library(
toki-libc-printf
#
STATIC
"" # The sources are added in the respective sub-folders
)
target_link_libraries(
toki-libc-printf
PRIVATE
libxil
)
add_subdirectory(src)
if (ENABLE_INSTALL)
# Configure and install the following files:
# - ${PROJECT_NAME}-config.cmake,
# - ${PROJECT_NAME}-config-version.cmake,
include(CMakePackageConfigHelpers)
set(ConfigPackageLocation lib/cmake/${PROJECT_NAME}-${PROJECT_VERSION})
# ${PROJECT_NAME}-config.cmake
configure_package_config_file(
${PROJECT_NAME}-config.cmake.in
${CMAKE_CURRENT_BINARY_DIR}/${PROJECT_NAME}-config.cmake
INSTALL_DESTINATION ${ConfigPackageLocation}
)
# ${PROJECT_NAME}-config-config-version.cmake
write_basic_package_version_file(
${CMAKE_CURRENT_BINARY_DIR}/${PROJECT_NAME}-config-version.cmake
COMPATIBILITY SameMajorVersion
)
# Install exported CMake target files
install(
TARGETS ${PROJECT_NAME}
EXPORT ${PROJECT_NAME}-targets
ARCHIVE DESTINATION lib
)
install(
EXPORT ${PROJECT_NAME}-targets
DESTINATION ${ConfigPackageLocation}
EXPORT_LINK_INTERFACE_LIBRARIES
)
# Install package/module configuration files
install(
FILES
${CMAKE_CURRENT_BINARY_DIR}/${PROJECT_NAME}-config.cmake
${CMAKE_CURRENT_BINARY_DIR}/${PROJECT_NAME}-config-version.cmake
DESTINATION ${ConfigPackageLocation}
)
endif()
# ignore test path
test/* linguist-vendored
# Use a C++11 distro
dist: trusty
sudo: required
# Enable C++ support
language: cpp
# Compiler selection
compiler: gcc
env:
global:
# coverity key
- secure: "NKZbBnMALGIIQJy/s2kc3EST/stw+gjhtrGq0jkbsWr7Wx3FH+lmLeHNsDXRnD1VbpG02c5YsLllqz9OVu+0yxWGepvKNmCz1cNITIALEHbrax8/Af9LzPRL/QZxS/Qe11sMuySp4X16mFBUyxMd/X+I9i96Xf1vKkZABklYD1Q="
# addons
addons:
apt:
packages:
- gcc-6
- g++-6
sources:
- ubuntu-toolchain-r-test
coverity_scan:
project:
name: "mpaland/printf"
description: "Tiny printf implementation"
notification_email: marco@paland.com
build_command_prepend: "make clean"
build_command: "make"
branch_pattern: master
before_install:
# connect coverity
- echo -n | openssl s_client -connect scan.coverity.com:443 | sed -ne '/-BEGIN CERTIFICATE-/,/-END CERTIFICATE-/p' | sudo tee -a /etc/ssl/certs/ca-
# Active branches
branches:
only:
- master
script:
# Link gcc-6 and g++-6 to their standard commands
- sudo rm /usr/bin/gcc
- sudo rm /usr/bin/g++
- sudo ln -s /usr/bin/gcc-6 /usr/bin/gcc
- sudo ln -s /usr/bin/g++-6 /usr/bin/g++
# Export CC and CXX
- export CC=/usr/bin/gcc-6
- export CXX=/usr/bin/g++-6
# Check versions of gcc, g++
- gcc -v && g++ -v
# Run build commands
- make
# execute the text suite
- bin/test_suite -d yes
# coverall profiling
- tmp/cov/test_suite
after_success:
## Report to codecov
- bash <(curl -s https://codecov.io/bash)
cmake_minimum_required(VERSION 3.7 FATAL_ERROR)
target_sources(
toki-libc-printf
#
PRIVATE
"${CMAKE_CURRENT_LIST_DIR}/printf.c"
)
The MIT License (MIT)
Copyright (c) 2014 Marco Paland
Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all
copies or substantial portions of the Software.
THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE
SOFTWARE.
# A printf / sprintf Implementation for Embedded Systems
[![Build Status](https://travis-ci.org/mpaland/printf.svg?branch=master)](https://travis-ci.org/mpaland/printf)
[![codecov](https://codecov.io/gh/mpaland/printf/branch/master/graph/badge.svg)](https://codecov.io/gh/mpaland/printf)
[![Coverity Status](https://img.shields.io/coverity/scan/14180.svg)](https://scan.coverity.com/projects/mpaland-printf)
[![Github Issues](https://img.shields.io/github/issues/mpaland/printf.svg)](http://github.com/mpaland/printf/issues)
[![Github Releases](https://img.shields.io/github/release/mpaland/printf.svg)](https://github.com/mpaland/printf/releases)
[![GitHub license](https://img.shields.io/badge/license-MIT-blue.svg)](https://raw.githubusercontent.com/mpaland/avl_array/master/LICENSE)
This is a tiny but **fully loaded** printf, sprintf and (v)snprintf implementation.
Primarily designed for usage in embedded systems, where printf is not available due to memory issues or in avoidance of linking against libc.
Using the standard libc printf may pull **a lot** of unwanted library stuff and can bloat code size about 20k or is not 100% thread safe. In this cases the following implementation can be used.
Absolutely **NO dependencies** are required, *printf.c* brings all necessary routines, even its own fast `ftoa` (floating point), `ntoa` (decimal) conversion.
If memory footprint is really a critical issue, floating point, exponential and 'long long' support and can be turned off via the `PRINTF_DISABLE_SUPPORT_FLOAT`, `PRINTF_DISABLE_SUPPORT_EXPONENTIAL` and `PRINTF_DISABLE_SUPPORT_LONG_LONG` compiler switches.
When using printf (instead of sprintf/snprintf) you have to provide your own `_putchar()` low level function as console/serial output.
## 2020 announcement
This project is not dead! I just had no time in 2019 for sufficient support, sorry.
Within the next weeks, I will have a look to all PRs and open issues.
Thank you all for supporting this project.
## Highlights and Design Goals
There is a boatload of so called 'tiny' printf implementations around. So why this one?
I've tested many implementations, but most of them have very limited flag/specifier support, a lot of other dependencies or are just not standard compliant and failing most of the test suite.
Therefore I decided to write an own, final implementation which meets the following items:
- Very small implementation (around 600 code lines)
- NO dependencies, no libs, just one module file
- Support of all important flags, width and precision sub-specifiers (see below)
- Support of decimal/floating number representation (with an own fast itoa/ftoa)
- Reentrant and thread-safe, malloc free, no static vars/buffers
- LINT and compiler L4 warning free, mature, coverity clean, automotive ready
- Extensive test suite (> 400 test cases) passing
- Simply the best *printf* around the net
- MIT license
## Usage
Add/link *printf.c* to your project and include *printf.h*. That's it.
Implement your low level output function needed for `printf()`:
```C
void _putchar(char character)
{
// send char to console etc.
}
```
Usage is 1:1 like the according stdio.h library version:
```C
int printf(const char* format, ...);
int sprintf(char* buffer, const char* format, ...);
int snprintf(char* buffer, size_t count, const char* format, ...);
int vsnprintf(char* buffer, size_t count, const char* format, va_list va);
// use output function (instead of buffer) for streamlike interface
int fctprintf(void (*out)(char character, void* arg), void* arg, const char* format, ...);
```
**Due to general security reasons it is highly recommended to prefer and use `snprintf` (with the max buffer size as `count` parameter) instead of `sprintf`.**
`sprintf` has no buffer limitation, so when needed - use it really with care!
### Streamlike Usage
Besides the regular standard `printf()` functions, this module also provides `fctprintf()`, which takes an output function as first parameter to build a streamlike output like `fprintf()`:
```C
// define the output function
void my_stream_output(char character, void* arg)
{
// opt. evaluate the argument and send the char somewhere
}
{
// in your code
void* arg = (void*)100; // this argument is passed to the output function
fctprintf(&my_stream_output, arg, "This is a test: %X", 0xAA);
fctprintf(&my_stream_output, nullptr, "Send to null dev");
}
```
## Format Specifiers
A format specifier follows this prototype: `%[flags][width][.precision][length]type`
The following format specifiers are supported:
### Supported Types
| Type | Output |
|--------|--------|
| d or i | Signed decimal integer |
| u | Unsigned decimal integer |
| b | Unsigned binary |
| o | Unsigned octal |
| x | Unsigned hexadecimal integer (lowercase) |
| X | Unsigned hexadecimal integer (uppercase) |
| f or F | Decimal floating point |
| e or E | Scientific-notation (exponential) floating point |
| g or G | Scientific or decimal floating point |
| c | Single character |
| s | String of characters |
| p | Pointer address |
| % | A % followed by another % character will write a single % |
### Supported Flags
| Flags | Description |
|-------|-------------|
| - | Left-justify within the given field width; Right justification is the default. |
| + | Forces to precede the result with a plus or minus sign (+ or -) even for positive numbers.<br>By default, only negative numbers are preceded with a - sign. |
| (space) | If no sign is going to be written, a blank space is inserted before the value. |
| # | Used with o, b, x or X specifiers the value is preceded with 0, 0b, 0x or 0X respectively for values different than zero.<br>Used with f, F it forces the written output to contain a decimal point even if no more digits follow. By default, if no digits follow, no decimal point is written. |
| 0 | Left-pads the number with zeros (0) instead of spaces when padding is specified (see width sub-specifier). |
### Supported Width
| Width | Description |
|----------|-------------|
| (number) | Minimum number of characters to be printed. If the value to be printed is shorter than this number, the result is padded with blank spaces. The value is not truncated even if the result is larger. |
| * | The width is not specified in the format string, but as an additional integer value argument preceding the argument that has to be formatted. |
### Supported Precision
| Precision | Description |
|-----------|-------------|
| .number | For integer specifiers (d, i, o, u, x, X): precision specifies the minimum number of digits to be written. If the value to be written is shorter than this number, the result is padded with leading zeros. The value is not truncated even if the result is longer. A precision of 0 means that no character is written for the value 0.<br>For f and F specifiers: this is the number of digits to be printed after the decimal point. **By default, this is 6, maximum is 9**.<br>For s: this is the maximum number of characters to be printed. By default all characters are printed until the ending null character is encountered.<br>If the period is specified without an explicit value for precision, 0 is assumed. |
| .* | The precision is not specified in the format string, but as an additional integer value argument preceding the argument that has to be formatted. |
### Supported Length
The length sub-specifier modifies the length of the data type.
| Length | d i | u o x X |
|--------|------|---------|
| (none) | int | unsigned int |
| hh | char | unsigned char |
| h | short int | unsigned short int |
| l | long int | unsigned long int |
| ll | long long int | unsigned long long int (if PRINTF_SUPPORT_LONG_LONG is defined) |
| j | intmax_t | uintmax_t |
| z | size_t | size_t |
| t | ptrdiff_t | ptrdiff_t (if PRINTF_SUPPORT_PTRDIFF_T is defined) |
### Return Value
Upon successful return, all functions return the number of characters written, _excluding_ the terminating null character used to end the string.
Functions `snprintf()` and `vsnprintf()` don't write more than `count` bytes, _including_ the terminating null byte ('\0').
Anyway, if the output was truncated due to this limit, the return value is the number of characters that _could_ have been written.
Notice that a value equal or larger than `count` indicates a truncation. Only when the returned value is non-negative and less than `count`,
the string has been completely written.
If any error is encountered, `-1` is returned.
If `buffer` is set to `NULL` (`nullptr`) nothing is written and just the formatted length is returned.
```C
int length = sprintf(NULL, "Hello, world"); // length is set to 12
```
## Compiler Switches/Defines
| Name | Default value | Description |
|------|---------------|-------------|
| PRINTF_INCLUDE_CONFIG_H | undefined | Define this as compiler switch (e.g. `gcc -DPRINTF_INCLUDE_CONFIG_H`) to include a "printf_config.h" definition file |
| PRINTF_NTOA_BUFFER_SIZE | 32 | ntoa (integer) conversion buffer size. This must be big enough to hold one converted numeric number _including_ leading zeros, normally 32 is a sufficient value. Created on the stack |
| PRINTF_FTOA_BUFFER_SIZE | 32 | ftoa (float) conversion buffer size. This must be big enough to hold one converted float number _including_ leading zeros, normally 32 is a sufficient value. Created on the stack |
| PRINTF_DEFAULT_FLOAT_PRECISION | 6 | Define the default floating point precision |
| PRINTF_MAX_FLOAT | 1e9 | Define the largest suitable value to be printed with %f, before using exponential representation |
| PRINTF_DISABLE_SUPPORT_FLOAT | undefined | Define this to disable floating point (%f) support |
| PRINTF_DISABLE_SUPPORT_EXPONENTIAL | undefined | Define this to disable exponential floating point (%e) support |
| PRINTF_DISABLE_SUPPORT_LONG_LONG | undefined | Define this to disable long long (%ll) support |
| PRINTF_DISABLE_SUPPORT_PTRDIFF_T | undefined | Define this to disable ptrdiff_t (%t) support |
## Caveats
None anymore (finally).
## Test Suite
For testing just compile, build and run the test suite located in `test/test_suite.cpp`. This uses the [catch](https://github.com/catchorg/Catch2) framework for unit-tests, which is auto-adding main().
Running with the `--wait-for-keypress exit` option waits for the enter key after test end.
## Projects Using printf
- [turnkeyboard](https://github.com/mpaland/turnkeyboard) uses printf as log and generic tty (formatting) output.
- printf is part of [embeddedartistry/libc](https://github.com/embeddedartistry/libc), a libc targeted for embedded systems usage.
- The [Hatchling Platform]( https://github.com/adrian3git/HatchlingPlatform) uses printf.
(Just send me a mail/issue/PR to get *your* project listed here)
## Contributing
0. Give this project a :star:
1. Create an issue and describe your idea
2. [Fork it](https://github.com/mpaland/printf/fork)
3. Create your feature branch (`git checkout -b my-new-feature`)
4. Commit your changes (`git commit -am 'Add some feature'`)
5. Publish the branch (`git push origin my-new-feature`)
6. Create a new pull request
7. Profit! :heavy_check_mark:
## License
printf is written under the [MIT license](http://www.opensource.org/licenses/MIT).
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@PACKAGE_INIT@
include(CMakeFindDependencyMacro)
find_dependency(libxil 7.0)
# Import targets
include(${CMAKE_CURRENT_LIST_DIR}/toki-libc-printf-targets.cmake)
check_required_components(toki-libc-printf)
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